The journal Cancer reports: African-American women in the United States are dying from cervical cancer at a rate 77 percent higher than previously thought and Caucasian women are dying at a rate 47 percent higher.
The mortality rate due to cancer was on the decline nationwide, but certain regions and pockets throughout the country had shown worsening mortality rates from the deadly malignancy, according to the first-ever county-by-county analysis of cancer deaths across the US. "In addition, many of those who are dying are over the age of 65, a cutoff point where guidelines generally no longer recommend women with cervices be regularly screened for cervical cancer", she added.
Accordingly, as it is Cervical Cancer Prevention Week (22-28Jan17), experts are encouraging women to undergo screening tests, which are a vital method of preventing cancer.
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Stark distinguishing in regional cancer death rates has been found in previous research, but this stands out for providing a particular estimate for deaths from almost 30 types of cancer in all 3,100 counties in the USA over 35 years.
The recent study, published January 23 in Nature, identified molecular and genomic characteristics of cervical cancer that will help to classify subtypes of the disease, as well as guide potential therapies that are targeted at individual patients. Previous estimates didn't account for women whose cervixes were removed in hysterectomies, which eliminate the risk of developing the disease, according to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Professor Jack Cuzick, a Cancer Research UK-funded scientist who works on cervical cancer, said that the research "may be helpful in working out the best treatment for patients with cervical cancer".
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But the long-term warming trend should continue to go up and, Arndt says, threatens new records nearly every year. He says 2016 was about 1.7 degrees Fahrenheit above the global average for the 20th century.
Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, Deputy Director and Chair of Gynecologic Oncology at Roswell Park, says, "The gap in incidence and death rates from cervical cancer based on racial disparities is a wake-up call, a call to action". It also rose for white women, but less dramatically, from 3.2 to 4.7 per 100,000. Any resulting benefits wouldn't be evident in the latest results, because cancer takes years to develop, Mokdad said. But in rare cases, HPV infections linger for years, and this puts women at risk for cervical cancer.
Though one in five American women will have a hysterectomy in their lifetime, black women are more likely to have the procedure, and at younger ages, than white women, primarily because black women are at a higher risk for fibroids (benign tumors in the uterus that can require surgery). Cervical cancer is also treatable when diagnosed early from screening tests.
In the early stages of cervical cancer, when the condition is most treatable, women usually don't have any symptoms, according to the NCCC. Among women, particularly, HPV can cause cervical cancer.
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However, large differences were seen in the mortality rate among counties, researchers said.